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Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are a type of certified managed combined investment schemes that gathers money from many investors to buy securities. There is no such accurate definition of mutual funds, however the term is most commonly used for collective investment schemes that are regulated and available to the general public and open-ended in nature. Hedge funds are not considered as any type of mutual funds.
Mutual funds are identified by their principal investments. They are the 4th largest category of funds that are also known as money market funds, bond or fixed income funds, stock or equity funds and hybrid funds. Funds are also categorized as index based or actively managed.

In a mutual fund, investors pay the funds expenditure. There is some element of doubt in these expenses. A single mutual fund may give investors a choice of various combinations of these expenses by offering various different types of share combinations.

The fund manager is also known as the fund sponsor or fund management company. The buying and selling of the funds investments in accordance with the funds investment is the objective. A fund manager has to be a registered investment advisor. The same fund manager manages the funds and has the same brand name which is also known as a fund family or fund complex.

As long as mutual comply with requirements that are established in the internal revenue code, they will not be taxed on their income. Clearly, they must expand their investments, limit the ownership of voting securities, disperse most of their income to their investors annually and earn most of their income by investing in securities and currencies.
Mutual funds can pass taxable income to their investors every year. The type of income that they earn remains unchanged as it gets transferred to the shareholders. For e.g., mutual fund distributors of dividend income are described as dividend income by the investor. There is an exception: net losses that are incurred by a mutual fund are not distributed or passed through fund investors.

Mutual funds invest in various kinds of securities. The various types of securities that a particular fund may invest in are mentioned in the funds prospectus, which explain the funds investments objective, its approach and the permitted investments. The objective of the investment describes the kind of income that the fund is looking for. For e.g., a "capital appreciation" fund generally looks to earn most of its returns from the increase in prices of the securities it holds rather than from a dividend or the interest income. The approach of the investment describes the criteria that the fund manager may have used to select the investments for the fund.

The investment portfolio of a mutual funds investment is continuously monitored by the funds portfolio manager or managers who are either employed by the funds manager or the sponsor.

Advantages of Mutual funds are:

1) Increase in diversification.

2) Liquidity on a daily basis.

3) Professional investment management.

4) Capacity to participate in investments that may be available only for larger investors.

5) Convenience as well as service.

6) Government oversight.

7) Easier comparison

like its advantages, the Mutual funds have disadvantages too. Here are some of them:

1) High fees.
2) Less control over timing of recognition of gains.
3) Much lesser predictable income.
4) No opportunity for customization.

There are different types of Mutual funds as well. Here are some of them.

Open-end funds

In open-end mutual funds, one must be willing to buy back their shares from investors at the end of every business day at the net asset value that is calculated for that day. Most of the open-end funds also sell shares to the public on every business day. These shares are also priced at a particular net asset value. A professional investment manager will oversee the portfolio, while buying or selling securities whichever is appropriate. The total investment in the funds will be variably based on share buying, share redemptions and fluctuation in the market variation. There are also no legal limits on the number of shares that can be issued.

Close-end funds
Close-end funds generally issue shares to the public just once, when they are created via an initial public offering. These shares are then listed for trading on a stock exchange. Investors, who dont wish any longer to invest in the funds, cannot sell their shares back to the funds. Instead, they must sell their shares to another investor in the market as the price they may receive may be hugely different from its net asset value. It may be at a premium to net asset value (higher than the net asset value) or more commonly at a lesser to net asset value (lower than the net asset value). A professional investment manager will oversee the portfolio, in buying or selling securities whichever is appropriate.

Unit Investment Trusts
UIT or Unit Investment Trusts issue shares to the public just once when they are created. The investors in turn can cash in on the shares directly with the fund or they may also sell their shares in the market. UITs do not have any professional investment managers. Their portfolio of securities is established by the creation of the UITs and does not undergo any changes. UITs in general have a limited life span, which is limited at their creation.

  • MF News
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Fri, 27 Mar 2020 17:14:06 +0530


Equity inflows in February silver lining amid dark clouds Contributing over 25 percent of equity Assets under Management, SIPs have done to the Mutual Fund industry what sachets did to the FMCG industry a few years back
Thu, 12 Mar 2020 10:33:00 +0530


Nippon India Mutual Fund marks down its investment in Yes Bank to zero The limit is imposed only on the new applications, switch-ins, systematic transfer plans and systematic investment plans received after March 5, it said.
Fri, 06 Mar 2020 16:52:06 +0530


SEBI gives direct access to stock exchanges for mutual fund investments SEBI#39;s latest move now allows investors to come to exchanges directly, just as they could go to the MFU entirely on their own.
Wed, 26 Feb 2020 22:02:13 +0530


Coronavirus sell-off spoils SBI Card debut; share closes 10% lower SBI Card traded with volumes of 6,08,92,478 equity shares on the NSE and 41.67 lakh shares on the BSE.
Mon, 16 Mar 2020 16:33:40 +0530


Coronavirus impact | Antony Waste Handling Cell withdraws Rs 203cr IPO The issue was subscribed only 50 percent on March 6, but since then it got stuck at those levels till March 16
Mon, 16 Mar 2020 15:30:42 +0530


Coronavirus grips SBI Card, stock debuts with 13% discount at Rs 658 The listing at discount was largely expected by analysts as they already said if the stock market crashed on Monday due to market weakness then the stock has to list at a discount.
Mon, 16 Mar 2020 10:00:22 +0530


Rossari Biotech dares to launch its IPO on March 18 At the time of filing red herring prospectus on March 7, Edward Menezes and Sunil Chari held 42.10 percent and 42.05 percent stake in the company.
Thu, 12 Mar 2020 13:40:34 +0530


Have you applied for SBI Card IPO? You can check the allotment status here The share allocation is expected to be declared on March 11.
Wed, 11 Mar 2020 08:17:45 +0530


Antony Waste Handling Cell extends IPO closing date to March 16 on poor subscription Antony Waste believes that the extension will allow current volatility to subside and allow all categories of investors to participate in the Issue.
Fri, 06 Mar 2020 20:37:17 +0530


SBI Card sets issue price at Rs 755, raises Rs 10,340 crore via IPO State Bank of India and CA Rover together received Rs 9,840 crore, by reducing their stake through IPO.
Fri, 06 Mar 2020 20:12:43 +0530


Antony Waste Handling Cell subscribed 16% on second day of bidding The reserved portion of non-institutional investors was subscribed 12.98 percent and that of retail individual investors 25.93 percent.
Thu, 05 Mar 2020 20:59:25 +0530


SBI Card IPO final day: Issue oversubscribed 26.5 times, HNIs portion subscription at 45x The qualified institutional buyers#39; portion, which was closed on March 4, was subscribed 57.18 times.
Thu, 05 Mar 2020 11:14:22 +0530


Antony Waste Handling Cell IPO subscribed 9% on Day 1 The Rs 203-crore public issue has received bids for 4.29 lakh equity shares against an IPO size of 48.20 lakh equity shares after excluding anchor investors#39; portion.
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SBI Card IPO oversubscribed 15.5 times on Day 3, QIB subscription at 57x It is the last day for qualified institutional bidders, while the issue will remain opened till March 5 for all other investors.
Wed, 04 Mar 2020 11:02:41 +0530


Antony Waste Handling Cell raises Rs 60.94 cr from anchor investors The allocation of shares will take place at lower end of price band of Rs 295-300 per share.
Tue, 03 Mar 2020 18:10:26 +0530


Indian Railway Finance Corporation gets SEBI nod for IPO The IPO comprises a fresh issue of 93.8 crore equity shares and an offer for sale of 46.9 crore equity shares by the Government of India.
Tue, 03 Mar 2020 17:20:06 +0530


SBI Card IPO: Does it make sense for HNIs to break the bank? Considering the market conditions due to rising coronavirus fears, the grey market premium has reduced to around Rs 120-140 now
Tue, 03 Mar 2020 15:36:41 +0530


Home First Finance Company receives SEBI nod for Rs 1,500 crore IPO The IPO consists a fresh issue of Rs 400 crore and an offer for sale of Rs 1,100 crore by promoters and investors.
Tue, 03 Mar 2020 13:01:00 +0530

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